Module 1 : QUANTUM PHYSICS
De Broglie hypothesis of matter waves; properties of matter waves; wave packet,phase velocity and group velocity; Wave function; Physical interpretation of wave function; Heisenberg uncertainty principle; non existence of electron in nucleus; Schrodinger‘s time dependent wave equation; time independent wave equation; Particle trapped in one dimensional infinite potential well, Quantum Computing.
Module 2 : CRYSTALLOGRAPHY
Miller indices; interplanar spacing; X-ray diffraction and Bragg‘s law;
Determination of Crystal structure using Bragg‘s diffractometer.
Module 3 : SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS
Direct & indirect band gap semiconductor; Fermi level; Fermi dirac distribution; Fermi energy level in intrinsic & extrinsic semiconductors; effect of impurity concentration and temperature on fermi level; mobility, current density; Hall Effect; Fermi Level diagram for p-n junction (unbiased, forward bias, reverse bias); Applications of semiconductors: LED, Zener diode, Photovoltaic cell.
Module 4 : INTERFERENCE IN THIN FILM
Interference by division of amplitude, Interference in thin film of constant
thickness due to reflected and transmitted light; origin of colours in thin film;
Wedge shaped film; Newton‘s rings.
Applications of interference – Determination of thickness of very thin wire or
foil; determination ofrefractive index of liquid; wavelength of incident light;
radius of curvature of lens; testing of surfaceflatness; Anti-reflecting films and
Highly reflecting film.
Module 5 : SUPERCONDUCTORS AND SUPERCAPACITORS
Superconductors: Critical temperature, critical magnetic field, Meissner‘s effect, Type I and Type II and high Tc superconductors;
Supercapacitors: Principle, construction, materials and applications, comparison with capacitor and batteries : Energy density, Power density.
Module 6 : ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS
Liquid crystals: Nematic, Smectic and cholesteric phases, Liquid crystal display. Multiferroics : Type I & Type II multiferroics and applications, Magnetoresistive Oxides: Magnetoresistance, GMR and CMR materials, introduction to spintronics.